Which of the following did NOT occur during the Tang dynasty?
A. Revitalization of civil service
B. Conquering of Turkestan
C. Subduing of Tibet
D. Forced conversion to Buddhism
African history is often interpreted through the eyes of foreigners because:
A. Africa has always been under the domination of foreigners.
B. Africa had no written records prior to the coming of Islam.
C. African natives have never shared their earliest history with outsiders.
D. early African writing systems have yet to be deciphered.
Japan’s native nature-based religion is called:
The Khanate of the Golden Horde was the Mongol realm of:
What is the name given to Muslim Iberia?
The Seljuk Turks were:
A. Shi’ite Muslims.
D. Sunni Muslims.
The Liao Empire did all of the following EXCEPT:
A. create a Chinese-style dynasty.
B. conquer southern China.
C. adopt Chinese writing.
D. use the civil service system.
The native warrior clans in Japan were called:
By the twelfth century, Japan was dominated by:
B. Heian emperors.
D. Shinto priests.
Where did the Fatimids establish their new capital?
Which of the following was a major factor in the success of Muslim invaders of North Africa?
A. The North Africans had already adopted Islam and begun to write in Arabic.
B. The North African tribes were not unified and distrusted each other.
C. The North African tribes were pacifist and would not fight back.
D. The North Africans were worn down by years of fighting with the Christians.
Which of these Ghaznavid actions led to their overthrow?
A. Attempting to rebel against the Mongols
B. Moving the capital to China
C. Abandoning the nomadic lifestyle of the Mongols
D. Allowing the Seljuks to move into Persia
Why did Song merchants favor sea trade to land-based trade?
A. The Silk Road had become too hazardous.
B. India could only be reached by sea.
C. There were fewer tariffs on shipped imports and exports.
D. The government helped supplement trading costs for sea trade.
The major battle between the Christian Byzantine Empire and the Great Seljuk Empire took place at:
Gunpowder was first used:
A. in Song China for flame-throwers.
B. in Tang China for fireworks.
C. in Song China for fireworks.
D. for rudimentary cannons.
What 1st or 2nd century CE central Asian innovation proved to be most significant to the Mongol warriors?
B. The bow
C. The stirrup
D. Plated armor
Just as Europeans turned to Christianity after the collapse of Rome, in the Age of Disunity, East Asians turned to:
How did Khubilai Khan’s actions differ from those of most Mongols?
A. He was a pacifist; they were militaristic.
B. He embraced Chinese customs; they rejected them.
C. He rejected the idea of expansion; they endorsed it.
D. He remained nomadic; they wanted to settle in the lands they conquered.
The Taj Mahal and Pearl Mosque were both:
A. tombs for Shah Jahan’s wives.
B. built along traditional Indian lines.
C. built in the traditional Mughal capital, Delhi.
D. a fusion of Persian form and Indian craftsmanship.
Which of the following best depicts the ideology espoused by Machiavelli in The Prince?
A. A ruler should be honest, fair, and just.
B. A ruler should rule for the benefit of all members of society, not just
C. A ruler should do what works to achieve their goals.
D. A ruler should be careful to avoid entangling alliances.
Saladin did all of the following EXCEPT:
A. establish a new dynasty in Egypt.
B. take Jerusalem.
C. conquer Syria and Arabia.
D. expel the crusaders from the Holy Land.
Which of these emerged from the Reconquista as a unified state?
The Battle of Lepanto was significant because it marked the:
A. end of Ottoman power in the Mediterranean.
B. destruction of European Christian naval power.
C. end of Ottoman expansion to the west.
D. end of the Ottoman Empire.
Who created the Mughal Empire?
C. Sher Khan Sur
Ottoman law, compared to other Muslim states was more:
A. firmly based on the Shari`ah.
D. influenced by Roman law.
Akbar was unpopular with some Muslims because he:
A. refused to make a pilgrimage to Mecca.
B. condemned both Shi’ites and Sunnis.
C. was tolerant of other religions.
D. converted to Christianity.
Who benefitted most from the Fourth Crusade?
A. The Byzantines
B. The Ottomans
C. Salah al-Din
D. Shi’ite Muslims
Which of these cultural influences dominated under the Great Mughals?
The Reconquista and the Crusades had which of these in common?
A. Being fought in West Asia
B. Being fought against Muslims
C. Being successful wars
D. Being led by the king of Aragon
Kara Mustafa’s most serious mistake was to attack:
The purpose of the Maratha was to:
A. make peace between Sunnis and Shi’ites.
B. resist Mughal rule.
C. resist Ottoman rule.
D. destroy mosques in India.
Which of the following accurately illustrates Suleiman’s connections with Europe after his abandonment of his central European campaigns?
A. He continued to trade with Europe, but his connections were limited.
B. He ended all connections with Europe in hopes of destroying their trade.
C. He played a major role in European affairs through alliances with the French and later the Protestants.
D. He supported Spanish Muslims in their revolt against Christian rule.
The First Crusade established which of these?
A. A state stretching from Anatolia to Arabia
B. An enduring Christian presence in the Christian Holy Lands
C. Small states in the Christian Holy Lands
D. Long-lasting papal authority in Palestine
Gothic architecture differed from earlier styles in being:
B. filled with light.
C. more solid and earthly.
D. more like Roman architecture.
All of the following developments contributed to the improvement of agriculture during the high Middle Ages EXCEPT:
A. the use of water mills.
B. a period of cooling climate.
C. the introduction of heavy plows.
D. the introduction of the horse collar.