African American women are usually not recognized as leaders. Of course, we must define what a leader is. We want to bring these women back into history. Choose one African American female leader. It is first come, first serve for this essay. This forum is for between the end of World War II and the present. You are to use the library or the course bibliography. However, for this forum, you may also search online. If you do, you will be graded on the quality of the website, and you must justify the academic quality of the website. In other words, you must use the information below and write in a paragraph (not as part of the essay) how you know your website was an academic one. Grading will be with the grading rubric for essays. Therefore, you cannot use the textbook or encyclopedias. You must cite and use at least one academic source.

The CRAAP test will help you learn what an academic source is:

  • Currency: How old is it? Is it      up-to-date? Or is it a primary source document?
  • Reliability and Relevance: What      is the source of the information? Is it relevant to your topic? Who      published it? Is it peer-reviewed? Is there a bias?
  • Authority: Who is the author?      What are their credentials? What is their field of expertise?
  • Purpose or Point-of-View: What      is the author’s intention? Who is it written for (which audience)? Is this      a primary source or secondary document? Is it a tertiary document (not      allowed)?

For online sources, you must ask addition questions. What is the domain (.edu?)? Who publishes the site, or sponsors it? Is it recent (has it been updated)? Are there advertisements or signs that it is a poorly designed website with all kinds of distractions? Is the site supposed to be an academic one? Or is it someone’s pet project?

Remember that this is a formal essay and you need an introduction with a thesis statement, body, and conclusion. Because students must respond, please submit your essay as soon as possible.

Pick wisely

This is an assignment you did for me in week 2 below is my professor response to the assignment you did a copy of what you wrote for the assignment below above is the assignment for this week

Instructor Comment:

Sharman, when I clicked on, it came up as not existing.

Kramer, S. (2006). Uplifting Our” Downtrodden Sisterhood”: Victoria Earle Matthews and New York City’s White Rose Mission, 1897-1907. The Journal of African American History, 91(3), 243-266. Retrieved from:

The above reference was also confusing. The Kramer sources is not at that website. The Journal of African American History is in our library. I suggest that you use our library and not research on the Internet until you master how to cite. English classes will help you with that.

You write quite well.

We refer to people by their last names: Valk (and not Anne).

With the corrections above, this will be an excellent essay for Week 7. The woman leader must have served between 1877 and 1945.

Another improvement for Week 7 is your introduction. The introduction has three elements. The first is a brief introduction to the topic related to the thesis statement. The second is a strong, narrow, arguable, focused thesis statement. The third is to lay out a road map or list of the arguments you will make, in the order they will be made.

Your introduction does not mention Valk. You do not have a thesis statement. You explain what you are going to write about. That is not arguable. See the forum Resources to Help You.

Please repost a new essay here. At least you have your essay mostly done for Week 7.

Go to first new message


Sharman WilliamsWeek 2 Forum/Essay african American Women   Leaders between 1877 and 1940

Sharman Williams(Aug   16, 2017 2:00 PM)- Read by: 8

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African American Women in History

In discussing history of African   American, much focus is put on the likes of Martin Luther King among other   renowned activists but women are left out, and their contribution is never   recognized. The omission paints a picture that African American women never   contributed to history that they are enjoying right now. This paper examines   some women who significantly contributed to African American history though   much has not been covered about them. Few people have indeed acknowledged   their contributions especially in African American Women and the culture at   large through the struggles that is stated in the book, Radical Sisters.

Anne M. Valk is one of the authors   who wrote on the black liberation in Washington DC and women activism in the   1960s and 1970s. She attributes to the formation of female organizations   during that era that aimed at championing for women and African Americans   (Thompson, 2002). The body formation was one of the initiatives that were   initiated in Washington to ensure the voices of African American women were heard   and well addressed. The second-wave feminism although it was embraced by all   women in America it was thwarted with the division based on race, class, and   sexuality. Anne is one of the leaders that use her ability to write, and as   an African America, she writes about the struggle that they went through in   the fight for their welfare rights and reproductive control and against   sexual atrocities (Anne, 2008). She acknowledges how second- wave feminism   and the black liberation moulded the grassroots and the perceptions of other   African American women in general. Apart from writing this book, the Radical   Sisters, Anne has also written other books about African American women at   the culture.

Indeed Anne is a good example of women   who are not celebrated in their leadership roles and their contribution to   history as their counterparts. Anne contrary to the likes of Luther who used   civil movements to fight for space, she uses her novels to talk about the   plea and the liberation of the African Americans. Most of the women were not   on the battlefields or the streets, but they used other platforms to impact   African America history and not to acknowledge them may be seen as a mockery   of them.


Thompson, B. (2002). Multiracial feminism: Recasting the   chronology of second wave feminism. Feminist Studies28(2),   337-360.

Valk, A. M. (2008). Radical sisters: second-wave   feminism and black liberation in Washington (Vol. 117). University   of Illinois Press.

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